If reaching the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro isn’t already at the top of your bucket list, it should be.  This African gem, located in Tanzania, is the highest peak of the entire continent, and climbing to the top of its staggering 19,341-foot-high summit is guaranteed to take your breath away and make your jaw drop.

Mount Kilimanjaro is indeed a remarkable destination and an extraordinary challenge for adventure seekers. As the highest peak in Africa, it offers breathtaking views and an unparalleled sense of accomplishment for those who summit its 19,341-foot-high peak.

Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro attracts thousands of climbers each year from all around the world. Its majestic presence, diverse ecosystems, and unique climate zones make it a truly captivating experience. The climb typically takes several days, allowing climbers to acclimatize to the altitude gradually.

Can beginners climb Kilimanjaro?

Yes, beginners can climb Mount Kilimanjaro, but it is important to approach the climb with proper preparation and a realistic understanding of the challenges involved. While technical climbing skills are not required, it is essential to be in good physical condition and have a positive mindset.

Choosing the right route is crucial for beginners. Some routes, such as Marangu and Rongai, are generally considered to be less strenuous compared to others like the Machame or Lemosho routes. These routes have a more gradual ascent profile, which allows for better acclimatization and increases the chances of reaching the summit successfully.

Training and physical preparation are key for a successful climb. Building cardiovascular endurance through activities like hiking, running, or cycling can be beneficial. Additionally, incorporating strength training exercises that target the legs, core, and upper body can help with the physical demands of the climb.


Requirements for Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro requires careful planning and preparation. While technical climbing skills are not necessary, there are several essential requirements and considerations to keep in mind:

Physical Fitness: Climbing Kilimanjaro is physically demanding, so being in good physical condition is crucial. Regular cardiovascular exercises, such as hiking, running, or cycling, will help build endurance. Additionally, strength training exercises that target the legs, core, and upper body will aid in tackling the steep and challenging terrain.

Acclimatization: Altitude sickness is a potential risk when ascending to high altitudes. Proper acclimatization is vital to reduce the chances of altitude-related illnesses. Choose a route that allows for gradual ascent and includes rest days to adapt to the changing altitude. Slow and steady progress is key to acclimatization.

Permits and Regulations: To climb Mount Kilimanjaro, you need to obtain the necessary permits and follow the regulations set by the Tanzanian authorities. These permits are typically obtained through a licensed tour operator or a travel agency, as they handle the administrative process on your behalf.

Experienced Guides and Operators: It is highly recommended to climb Kilimanjaro with an experienced guide or a reputable tour operator. They have the knowledge, expertise, and support staff to ensure your safety and maximize your chances of a successful summit. They will also handle logistics such as permits, accommodations, meals, and equipment.

Proper Gear and Equipment: Packing the right gear is essential for a safe and comfortable climb. This includes proper hiking boots, layered clothing for varying weather conditions, a warm sleeping bag, a good quality backpack, trekking poles, headlamp, sunscreen, and other essentials. Your tour operator or guide can provide a detailed gear list.

Travel Insurance: It is strongly advised to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical expenses, emergency evacuation, and trip cancellation/interruption. Verify that your insurance policy includes coverage for high-altitude trekking and activities.

Mental Preparedness: Climbing Kilimanjaro is a mentally challenging endeavor. Being mentally prepared, determined, and maintaining a positive attitude is crucial. It is essential to be aware of the potential difficulties and setbacks and approach the climb with patience and perseverance.

Remember, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro should not be taken lightly. It is important to research, plan, and prepare adequately to ensure a safe and successful climb. Consulting with experienced climbers or professional guides can provide valuable insights and guidance tailored to your specific needs.


Having quality gear you can rely on for dramatic weather changes will be essential on your trek. You can expect extreme heat, followed by heavy rains (depending on the time of year you travel), and nighttime temperatures dropping to below freezing—often experienced within a single day.

Some examples of equipment or gear you may need to bring with you include: 

  • -20 Degree Sleeping Bag
  • Sleeping Pad
  • Trekking Poles
  • Insulated Trekking Gloves, Pants, and Winter Jacket
  • Hiking Boots
  • 70 Liter Main Rucksack
  • 30-40 Liter Day Pack


Here is some knowledge you can expect your guides to be well equipped with:

Terrain: The terrain and trail conditions of multi-day treks vary—especially on Kilimanjaro. That is why having a guide who knows how to approach each evolving landscape will assure you that you are prepared for anything.

Safety Checks: You can count on professional guides to give you and each individual on your tour consistent safety checks throughout the expedition.  This is to monitor health-risks such as altitude sickness, fatigue, and other mountaineering protocols.

Traveling to Mt. Kilimanjaro: Traveling to Mount Kilimanjaro involves several considerations, including visa requirements, transportation, accommodation, and health precautions. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

Visa: Most visitors to Tanzania will require a visa. Check the requirements based on your nationality and ensure that you have the necessary visa before traveling. You can typically obtain a tourist visa upon arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport or other designated entry points in Tanzania.

Flights: Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) is the main airport serving the region. Several international airlines offer direct or connecting flights to JRO. Alternatively, you can fly to Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR) in Dar es Salaam or Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (NBO) in Nairobi, Kenya, and then take a domestic flight or ground transportation to reach Kilimanjaro.

Ground Transportation: From the airport, you can arrange transportation to your accommodation in Moshi or Arusha, the starting points for most Kilimanjaro climbs. Private transfers, taxis, or shuttle services are available. It is advisable to arrange transportation in advance with your tour operator or accommodation provider.

Accommodation: Moshi and Arusha offer a range of accommodation options, including hotels, lodges, and guesthouses. It is recommended to book your accommodation in advance, especially during peak climbing seasons, to ensure availability. Some tour operators also provide accommodation as part of their package.

Health Precautions: Consult with a healthcare professional or a travel clinic to ensure you are up to date with routine vaccinations and discuss any specific vaccinations or medications recommended for travel to Tanzania. Malaria is prevalent in the region, so taking anti-malarial medication and using insect repellent is essential. Additionally, consider travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and evacuation.

Climate and Packing: Mount Kilimanjaro experiences different climate zones, so pack accordingly. Layered clothing is crucial to adapt to changing temperatures. Also, pack sturdy hiking boots, a warm sleeping bag, a good backpack, rain gear, sun protection, and other essentials. Your tour operator may provide a detailed gear list.

Tour Operators and Guides: Selecting a reputable tour operator or guide is important for a safe and well-organized climb. Research and choose an operator with good reviews, experienced guides, and a focus on safety and sustainability. They will assist with logistics, permits, equipment, and provide support throughout the climb.

Remember to thoroughly research and plan your trip in advance, considering factors such as the best time to climb, the route options, and the duration of your expedition. Booking with a reputable tour operator can simplify the process and enhance your overall experience.


When It’s Best to Climb Mt. Kilimanjaro

The best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro is during the dry seasons, which provide the most favorable conditions for a successful and enjoyable climb. The dry seasons are characterized by clear skies, lower precipitation, and more stable weather patterns, reducing the chances of encountering heavy rain or snowfall.

The two primary dry seasons on Mount Kilimanjaro are as follows:

January to March: This period falls within the short dry season and is generally considered an excellent time for climbing Kilimanjaro. The weather is typically dry, and visibility is often clear. However, it can be colder at higher altitudes, so proper cold-weather gear is still necessary.

June to October: This period is part of the long dry season and is another popular time for climbing Kilimanjaro. The weather is generally drier and slightly warmer, making it a preferred choice for many climbers. This time also coincides with the summer months in the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in higher numbers of visitors.

While these are the primary dry seasons, it’s important to note that Kilimanjaro’s weather can be unpredictable, and conditions can vary throughout the year. It’s advisable to check weather forecasts and consult with local guides or tour operators to get the most up-to-date information for your planned climb.

It’s also worth considering that the popularity of certain months can result in more climbers on the mountain and busier routes. If you prefer a quieter climb, you may opt for the shoulder seasons, such as April to May or November to December, when there are fewer visitors. However, keep in mind that these months may have slightly higher chances of rainfall.

Ultimately, the best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro depends on your personal preferences, schedule, and tolerance for crowds or potential weather variations. Regardless of the time of year, thorough preparation, proper acclimatization, and booking with a reputable tour operator are crucial for a successful climb.


Mt. Kilimanjaro Routes to Take to the Summit

When you choose Mt. Kilimanjaro as your next destination, you will find you have a handful of different routes to pick from to climb to the peak.  All paths available will give you the incredible breathtaking views you hope to see on the mountain but can differ in terrain, difficulty level, and comfortability. You will find tours for each route can also vary in cost.

Let’s dive into your trail options for reaching the summit:

Marangu Route: Sometimes referred to as the Coca-Cola Route, is the oldest path to Mt. Kilimanjaro’s top. The Marangu Route is a six-day roundtrip trek that differs from every other route option, as your sleeping arrangements for each night will be in designated dormitory huts.

The Marangu Route is the easiest and most comfortable, so if you are not feeling confident in your trekking skills or physical abilities or are climbing the mountain for the first time, we highly encourage taking this route to ensure a safe and successful climb to the summit.

You can expect to cover 50 miles on the Marangu Route, which generally costs around $2,150 with a reputable tour guide.

Machame Route:  The route up to Mt. Kilimanjaro’s summit has earned the title Whiskey Route, as it is a step-up in difficulty from the Coca-Cola Route and tends to be the most popular way to reach the mountain peak. This is an excellent option if you want a more rugged experience during your climb.

Traveling this route will take seven days to reach the summit alone—longer than the Marangu Route’s six-day roundtrip. However, you’ll be surprised to find that the Machame Route is actually shorter in distance than the previous trek. 

The significant factor that creates this difference is the difficulty level. To help climbers acclimate to the challenges they may face on the Machame Route, tour guides will add additional time for traveling. Each night, you can expect to stay in a tent to sleep and rest until the next leg of your trek. 

The cost for this seven-day trek is usually around $2,240.

Lemosho Route:  One of Kilimanjaro’s newer routes and offers you the opportunity to get contrasting views of other trails. This route is more challenging than the previous two options but has been praised as the most beautiful way up to the summit.  So, if you are feeling up to the challenge of facing one of Kilimanjaro’s more strenuous trails, you can expect to be rewarded with stunning scenery.

In total, you’ll cover a distance of 43 miles in your choice of seven to eight days. Because this is a more challenging route, it is encouraged that beginners opt for the eight-day trek. You can expect to pay about $2,420 to travel with a guide for the Lemosho Route.

Rongai Route: This path to Kilimanjaro offers the opportunity to get off the “beaten track” in many ways, as you will be approaching your trek from the opposite side of the mountain from all the other routes.

The Rongai Route has the appeal of being a less wandered path and has significantly less foot traffic on it, which is often a calling card to those who are coming to Kilimanjaro for a second trip. Because this trail is more remote, you are more likely to find undisturbed nature and wildlife. However, previous climbers have claimed that its scenery does not quite live up to the expectations of other trails on this list.

The route is 44 miles in length and usually takes seven days to complete. Its remoteness makes it the most expensive trail to travel, costing approximately $2,240.

Umbwe Route: If you feel ambitious and want a real trekking challenge, the Umbwe Route is the perfect choice for you. It is the most challenging way to the summit, so be prepared for a tough journey that requires you to be in the best shape to guarantee you can make it to the top.


Due to this route’s difficulty level, many people avoid choosing this option, meaning fewer crowds are on the trail (regardless of the season).

For this 32-mile, six-day trek to the top, you can expect to pay around $2,240.

When climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, prioritizing safety is of utmost importance. Here are some safety tips to consider for your Kilimanjaro expedition:

Choose a Reputable Tour Operator: Select a reputable tour operator with experienced guides who prioritize safety. Research their track record, read reviews, and ensure they adhere to safety protocols, provide proper equipment, and have emergency evacuation plans in place.

Physical Preparation: Engage in regular physical exercise to improve your cardiovascular fitness, strength, and endurance. Incorporate activities such as hiking, running, cycling, and strength training to prepare your body for the physical demands of the climb.

Acclimatization: Allow sufficient time for acclimatization to minimize the risk of altitude sickness. Choose a route that includes gradual ascent profiles and built-in rest days. Ascend slowly, drink plenty of water, and listen to your body. If you experience symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headaches, dizziness, or nausea, inform your guide immediately.

Gear and Equipment: Use proper gear and equipment suitable for the terrain and weather conditions on Kilimanjaro. Invest in sturdy and comfortable hiking boots, layered clothing for varying temperatures, a warm sleeping bag, a reliable backpack, trekking poles, a headlamp, and other necessary items. Test your gear before the climb to ensure it fits well and is in good working condition.

Stay Hydrated and Nourished: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated throughout the climb. Dehydration can worsen the effects of altitude sickness. Eat nutritious and energy-rich meals provided by your tour operator to maintain your strength and stamina.

Follow the Guide’s Instructions: Listen to your guide’s instructions and follow their guidance at all times. They are experienced and knowledgeable about the mountain’s conditions and can help ensure your safety. Do not deviate from the designated trails or venture off on your own.

Monitor Weather Conditions: Stay informed about the weather conditions on the mountain. Be prepared for changing weather patterns and pack accordingly. Listen to your guide’s advice regarding any necessary adjustments to the climb due to weather conditions.

Team Support: Kilimanjaro is often climbed in groups. Support and communicate with your fellow climbers. Look out for each other and notify the guide or fellow climbers if anyone shows signs of distress or altitude sickness.

Emergency Preparedness: Familiarize yourself with emergency evacuation procedures and ensure that your tour operator has plans in place for emergencies. Carry a basic first aid kit and any necessary personal medications.

Travel Insurance: Obtain comprehensive travel insurance that covers high-altitude trekking, medical emergencies, and evacuation. Confirm that your policy provides adequate coverage for the duration of your climb.

By following these safety tips and partnering with a reputable tour operator, you can increase your chances of a safe and successful climb of Mount Kilimanjaro. Remember that your safety should always take priority over reaching the summit, and it’s essential to be prepared, informed, and flexible throughout the expedition.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa, earning it a place on the famed “Seven Summits” list. In actual fact, it’s comprised of three volcanoes, two of which are extinct and one that is dormant. Despite these impressive details, however, Mount Kilimanjaro is relatively risk-free compared with other mountains of the same height.

Climbing Kilimanjaro, like any high-altitude endeavor, comes with inherent risks and challenges. While it is not considered a technical climb, it should not be underestimated. It’s important to be aware of the potential dangers involved and take necessary precautions. Here are some factors to consider regarding the dangers of climbing Kilimanjaro:

Altitude Sickness: One of the primary risks when climbing Kilimanjaro is altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS). As you ascend to higher altitudes, the air becomes thinner, resulting in decreased oxygen levels. This can lead to symptoms such as headaches, nausea, dizziness, and fatigue. In severe cases, it can progress to high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), which are potentially life-threatening conditions. Proper acclimatization, gradual ascent, and awareness of symptoms are crucial in mitigating the risk of altitude sickness.

Physical Exertion: Climbing Kilimanjaro is physically demanding, particularly as you reach higher elevations. The steep and challenging terrain, combined with long hiking days, can lead to fatigue and potential injuries. Adequate physical preparation, including cardiovascular fitness and strength training, can help reduce the risk of strains, sprains, or other physical ailments.

Weather Conditions: Weather conditions on Kilimanjaro can be unpredictable and change rapidly. It can range from extreme heat at lower elevations to freezing temperatures and strong winds at higher altitudes. Rainfall and snowfall can also occur, making trails slippery and challenging. It is important to pack appropriate clothing and gear to handle varying weather conditions and listen to your guide’s advice regarding any necessary adjustments to the climb due to weather.

Falls and Accidents: The mountainous terrain of Kilimanjaro poses a risk of slips, falls, and accidents. Hiking on uneven surfaces, steep slopes, and rocky sections requires caution and attentiveness. Trekking poles can provide stability and help prevent falls. Following your guide’s instructions and staying on designated trails is essential for minimizing these risks.

Remote Location: Kilimanjaro is located in a remote area, and access to immediate medical facilities and emergency services may be limited. It is crucial to choose a reputable tour operator with experienced guides who are trained in wilderness first aid and have evacuation plans in place in case of emergencies.

While climbing Kilimanjaro does have its dangers, thousands of climbers successfully summit each year with proper preparation, guidance, and adherence to safety protocols. Choosing a reputable tour operator, maintaining physical fitness, practicing proper acclimatization, and being aware of the risks involved can help mitigate these dangers and contribute to a safe and enjoyable climb.

It is important to approach Kilimanjaro with respect and understanding, be prepared for the challenges it presents, and prioritize your safety and well-being throughout the expedition

Rockfall on Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro doesn’t really have the dangerous crevasses of other tall mountains, as it consists mostly of rock, and trails don’t cross glaciers or sections covered in ice, but it does have some places with unpredictable rockfall.

Rockfall is a potential hazard on Mount Kilimanjaro, as it is on many mountains with rocky terrain. Rockfall occurs when rocks become dislodged from steep slopes or cliffs and fall down the mountain. While rockfall incidents on Kilimanjaro are relatively rare, it is important to be aware of the potential risk and take necessary precautions. Here are some considerations regarding rockfall on Kilimanjaro:

Route Selection: Choosing a route that is less prone to rockfall can reduce the risk. Routes such as Marangu and Rongai are generally considered to have less exposure to rockfall compared to routes like Machame or Western Breach. Discuss the route options and safety considerations with your tour operator or guide.

Following Guide’s Instructions: It is crucial to listen to your guide and follow their instructions regarding safety. Guides are experienced in navigating the mountain and are aware of potential rockfall areas. They will guide you through the safest paths and help minimize risks.

Staying on Designated Trails: Stick to the designated trails and avoid venturing off on your own or deviating from the established routes. The trails are typically well-maintained and selected to minimize exposure to rockfall-prone areas.

Time Management: Start your hiking days early to reach critical sections before the sun warms up the mountain. Heat can increase the likelihood of rockfall as it loosens rocks. Completing your daily hikes in a timely manner can also reduce the time spent in areas where rockfall risk may be higher.

Vigilance and Observation: Stay alert and vigilant during your climb, especially when passing through areas with rocky slopes or cliffs. Be observant for loose rocks, listen for any unusual sounds, and watch for signs of recent rockfall.

Helmet Use: Some climbers choose to wear helmets as an additional safety measure, especially in areas where rockfall risk is perceived to be higher. Discuss with your tour operator or guide if helmet use is recommended or required for your climb.

Remember, while rockfall incidents on Kilimanjaro are not common, it is important to be prepared and take necessary precautions. Choosing a reputable tour operator with experienced guides, adhering to their instructions, and staying alert can help minimize the risks associated with rockfall. Safety should always be a priority during your climb



Don’t forget to check the latest information to make sure you’re up-to-date on the required vaccinations.

Malaria is another risk in Tanzania, and although you can’t contract malaria on the mountain, you may need to bring malaria prophylaxis if you are traveling before and after your trek.

So, Is It Dangerous to Climb Kilimanjaro?

Climbing Kilimanjaro does come with certain risks and challenges, but with proper preparation, guidance, and adherence to safety protocols, it can be a relatively safe endeavor. Here are some factors to consider regarding the safety of climbing Kilimanjaro:

While climbing Kilimanjaro does involve risks, thousands of climbers successfully reach the summit each year with proper preparation and caution. By selecting a reputable tour operator, adhering to safety guidelines, and being mindful of your own well-being, you can minimize the risks associated with climbing Kilimanjaro. It is essential to approach the climb with respect for the mountain, proper training, and a realistic understanding of the challenges involved.

Of course, you never know what tricks Mother Nature might have up her sleeve, and there’s no getting around the fact that you are heading into a remote region with inherent risks. But by practicing smart mountain principles, you can minimize the risks and enjoy this once-in-a-lifetime experience.

And perhaps most importantly, you need to make sure that you are climbing with a responsible, reputable tour operator who takes your health and safety on the mountain very seriously.

When you book a trek with us, you are guaranteed to have the best trained and qualified guides on the mountain to give you every opportunity to enjoy a safe summit – and more importantly – a safe return home.

Get in touch with our friendly team today who are happy to answer any of your questions and can help you plan your trip of a lifetime!

Training for climbing Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya requires physical fitness, endurance, and preparation for the altitude. Here’s a general training program that can help you prepare for these climbs:

Cardiovascular Fitness: Engage in activities that improve your cardiovascular endurance, such as running, cycling, swimming, or brisk walking. Aim for at least three to four sessions per week, gradually increasing the duration and intensity over time.

Strength Training: Include strength training exercises to build muscle strength and endurance. Focus on exercises that target the lower body, including squats, lunges, step-ups, and calf raises. Incorporate upper body exercises as well to improve overall strength. Aim for two to three strength training sessions per week.

Hiking and Trekking: Incorporate regular hikes and treks to simulate the conditions you’ll encounter on Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya. Gradually increase the difficulty and duration of your hikes, including uphill and downhill sections. This will help prepare your muscles and joints for the demands of the climbs.

Altitude Simulation: If possible, consider training at higher altitudes or using altitude simulation methods, such as training masks or altitude chambers. This can help your body adapt to lower oxygen levels and simulate the conditions you’ll experience during the climbs.

Stair Climbing: Use stair climbing as a specific exercise to build leg strength and endurance. Incorporate stair climbing sessions into your training regimen, gradually increasing the duration and intensity.

Core and Flexibility Exercises: Don’t neglect core exercises to improve your stability and balance. Include exercises such as planks, Russian twists, and yoga poses that enhance core strength and flexibility.

Weight Management and Nutrition: Maintain a healthy weight and eat a balanced diet to support your training. Fuel your body with nutritious foods, including a mix of carbohydrates, proteins, and healthy fats. Stay hydrated and ensure you have a good understanding of your nutritional needs during the climbs.

Gradual Progression: Gradually increase the duration and intensity of your training sessions to avoid overexertion and minimize the risk of injuries. Listen to your body and give yourself adequate rest and recovery time between workouts.

Mental Preparation: Climbing mountains like Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya requires mental strength and resilience. Practice mental preparation techniques such as visualization, meditation, and positive affirmations to build mental endurance and prepare yourself for the challenges ahead.

Remember, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new exercise program, especially if you have any underlying health conditions. Additionally, working with an experienced guide and choosing a reputable tour operator for your climb can provide valuable guidance and support throughout your journey

High-altitude trekking carries some inherent risk, and even the most experienced mountaineers in the world rely on the tutelage of local guides their first time up a mountain. For this reason, the authorities at Kilimanjaro require all trekkers to hire a guide.

When climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, it is highly recommended to hire a professional guide or join a guided tour. A knowledgeable and experienced guide can enhance your safety, provide valuable information, and help you navigate the mountain successfully. Here are some key aspects to consider when selecting Kilimanjaro guides:

Experience and Expertise: Look for guides who have extensive experience in leading climbers on Mount Kilimanjaro. They should possess in-depth knowledge of the routes, weather conditions, altitude challenges, and safety protocols. Ask about their qualifications, certifications, and how many times they have successfully guided climbers to the summit.

Communication Skills: Effective communication is crucial during the climb. Guides should be fluent in English (or your preferred language) to ensure clear instructions and proper understanding of any concerns or questions you may have. This will facilitate a smooth and enjoyable climbing experience.

Safety Record: Research the safety record and reputation of the guiding companies or individual guides you are considering. Read reviews, seek recommendations from trusted sources, and inquire about their safety protocols, emergency plans, and evacuation procedures. A good safety record is a strong indicator of a reputable guide.

Client Support: Choose guides who prioritize client support and take your well-being seriously. They should be responsive to your inquiries, provide detailed information about the climb, and offer assistance in pre-trip preparations. Guides who are attentive and genuinely interested in ensuring a positive experience for their clients are highly recommended.

Group Size and Personalized Attention: Inquire about the group size and guide-to-client ratio. Smaller group sizes often allow for more personalized attention and better support from the guides. This can be especially important during challenging sections of the climb and in case of emergencies.

Equipment and Services: Ask about the equipment provided by the guiding company. Make sure they offer proper gear, including tents, sleeping bags, cooking utensils, and safety equipment. Additionally, inquire about the services included in their packages, such as accommodation, meals, and porters, to ensure they align with your expectations.

Environmental and Ethical Considerations: Look for guides or companies that follow environmentally responsible practices and adhere to ethical guidelines. Responsible guiding companies prioritize environmental conservation, treat their staff and porters fairly, and support sustainable tourism practices.

Cost and Value: While cost is a consideration, prioritize the value and quality of the services offered by the guides. Cheaper options may compromise safety, experience, or the overall quality of the climb. It’s important to find a balance between affordability and a reputable guiding service.

With the aim of being the best tour operator at Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, we offer competitive wages that attract the best people. Furthermore, we have an excellent guide-to-client ratio, with at least one guide for every two climbers. Our success rate speaks for itself: we’ve helped thousands of climbers safely reach the top of Kilimanjaro, and we’ll help you get there too.

By selecting experienced and reputable guides, you increase your chances of a safe and successful climb of Mount Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya. Research thoroughly, ask questions, and choose guides who align with your expectations and requirements. Remember, your guide will play a significant role in your overall experience, so investing in a reliable and knowledgeable guide is worth considering

All of our team members follow Leave No Trace principles and encourage our clients to do the same. Mount Kilimanjaro is an extraordinary gift and we hope to take care of the mountain so generations can enjoy it for many years to come.

Relax, Keep Calm, and Pole Pole

Just about anybody can learn the technical skills of summiting a mountain, but it takes a special type of person to make it fun.

Our guides live and breathe Kilimanjaro. They speak fluent English and will set your mind at ease by answering any questions during the daily briefing – how long to the next campsite, what will the weather be like tomorrow, how warmly to dress.

We know a trip up Kilimanjaro is much more than just putting one foot in front of the other, so our guides are happy to share insights about local history and culture, flora and fauna.

Passionate about getting outside, staying active and connecting with nature, our guides will accompany you up the mountain at a pace that works for you, and all of this with a flexible attitude and that signature sense of humor that can turn the most gruelling hike into a rewarding experience.

We never get tired of climbing Kilimanjaro. But what really makes it special is the chance to meet people from all around the world and share this national treasure with you. Our guides have made it their mission to provide a once-in-a-lifetime experience for every trekker.

Reaching the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya is a remarkable achievement and a thrilling adventure. Here’s some information about each summit:

Mount Kilimanjaro Summit:

Uhuru Peak: Uhuru Peak is the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the ultimate summit destination. It stands at an elevation of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level.

Routes: Kilimanjaro offers several routes to reach the summit, each with varying levels of difficulty, scenery, and acclimatization profiles. Some popular routes include Marangu, Machame, Lemosho, Rongai, and Northern Circuit.

Summit Night: Most climbers attempt the summit from their high-altitude camp on the night of their final ascent. This night climb is done in darkness to reach the summit by sunrise and avoid the sun’s intensity and possible afternoon storms.

Mount Kenya Summit:

Batian and Nelion Peaks: Mount Kenya has two main peaks, Batian and Nelion, both of which require technical climbing skills. Batian is the highest peak at 5,199 meters (17,057 feet) above sea level, while Nelion is slightly lower at 5,188 meters (17,021 feet).

Lenana Peak: Lenana Peak is the third-highest peak on Mount Kenya and the most commonly climbed. It stands at an elevation of 4,985 meters (16,355 feet) above sea level. Lenana Peak does not require technical climbing skills and can be reached by trekkers.

Routes: Mount Kenya offers various routes to reach its peaks, including the popular Sirimon, Chogoria, and Naro Moru routes. These routes vary in length, difficulty, and scenery.

Both Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya are stunning mountains with unique challenges and breathtaking views. Reaching the summit of either mountain requires physical fitness, mental endurance, and proper acclimatization. It is essential to choose a reputable tour operator with experienced guides who can provide guidance, support, and ensure your safety throughout the climb.

Unlike mountains such as Everest, that are part of a mountain range, and have an actual ‘peak’ at the top – the highest point often being a small, narrow section of rock, Kilimanjaro is a volcano crater, where the summit is not, in fact, a peak, but simply the highest point on the crater rim.

Remember that climbing to the summit of these mountains is a significant undertaking and should not be underestimated. Proper preparation, training, and acclimatization are essential to increase your chances of a successful and enjoyable summit experience

Camping in the Crater

 Mount Kilimanjaro’s Crater Camp is a unique camping site located near the summit of the mountain. Here’s some information about the Crater Camp:

Location: The Crater Camp is situated within the crater of Kilimanjaro, close to the summit. It is nestled near the rim of the Reusch Crater, a dormant volcanic cone that forms part of Kilimanjaro’s volcanic structure.

Elevation: The Crater Camp is located at a high altitude of approximately 5,790 meters (19,000 feet) above sea level. It is one of the highest camping sites on Kilimanjaro.

Scenery: The Crater Camp offers stunning panoramic views of the surrounding glaciers, volcanic landscapes, and the crater itself. It provides a unique vantage point to appreciate the dramatic and otherworldly beauty of the mountain.

Acclimatization: Spending a night at the Crater Camp serves as a valuable acclimatization strategy for climbers attempting to reach the summit. It allows climbers to sleep at a high altitude and adapt to the thin air before the final ascent to the summit.

Facilities: The Crater Camp is typically set up with basic camping facilities. Tents are provided for shelter, and some tour operators may offer sleeping pads or mattresses for added comfort. However, facilities at the Crater Camp are minimal due to the harsh conditions and limited resources available at such high altitudes.

Weather: The weather at the Crater Camp can be extremely cold and harsh, with temperatures often dropping below freezing. Strong winds and low oxygen levels are common in this exposed and high-altitude environment. It’s important to be properly equipped with warm clothing, suitable sleeping bags, and protective gear.

Duration: The Crater Camp is usually utilized for one night during the climb. Climbers typically arrive at the camp in the late afternoon or early evening, rest overnight, and then continue their ascent to the summit the following day.

Please note that climbing to the Crater Camp requires careful planning, proper acclimatization, and the assistance of experienced guides. It is recommended to undertake this challenging climb with the support of a reputable tour operator who can provide the necessary equipment, expertise, and logistical support.

If you wanted to spend a night in the crater, you’d have to arrange it in advance with your tour company, as most climbs don’t include this as standard.

The Ash Pit: Most climbers don’t make it to the ash pit. They stop at the signboard, take pictures then descend. But for those who have arranged to camp in the crater, it’s possible to hike to the very center of the volcano.

About 30-40 minutes from crater camp, up a steep slope, you’ll come across a perfectly formed volcanic cone – almost a perfect circle. Looking down, it’s seemingly never-ending, and the smell of sulfur is strong. About 400 feet wide, and comprised of shale, scree, and large boulders, with fumaroles at the base, which emit sulfur and steam.

No, you can’t go down, as it’s estimated the temperature of those fumarole vents is the same as boiling water!

Named the Reusch Crater, after the first person, apparently, to ‘find’ it, Richard Reusch, a Lutheran Missionary, living in Marangu, who climbed Mount Kilimanjaro multiple times, and was notably the 7th European to sign the register at the summit, at which time he planted a Christian flag.

The Frozen Leopard: Is it a myth? Or is it real? Ernest Hemingway’s book The Snows of Kilimanjaro begins with a reference to a leopard: “Close to the western summit there is a dried and frozen carcass of a leopard. No one has explained what the leopard was seeking at that altitude.” Apparently, Richard Reusch, on one of his climbs, did indeed find a frozen leopard on the crater rim and cut off an ear as a souvenir, and possibly to prove to his friends that he wasn’t hallucinating!

Uhuru Peak: Uhuru peak (which isn’t a peak, as mentioned earlier) is the highest point on the crater rim that encircles the inner caldera. It stands at 19,340 feet above sea level and is the official summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro.

Formerly known as Kaiser Wilhelm Spitze, it was named by Hans Meyer, a German geologist and the first European to summit. At independence, in 1961, the Tanzanian government renamed it Uhuru Peak, the word “uhuru” meaning “freedom” in Swahili.

Around the crater rim are other notable place names, Stella Point is the first stop on the rim for climbers coming up from Barafu camp, and it is named after Stella Latham, the wife of a member of the South African Mountain Club, Kingsley Latham. In 1925, they reached this point together. For some reason, the name has stuck. To end up in the Barafu camp you use the following routes : Machame route, Lemosho route and  Umbwer route

For climbers on the Marangu route, coming via School Hut, the first point reached on the rim is Gilman’s Point. This is named after one of the founders of the East African Mountain Club (set up in 1926, arguably the first ‘tour operator’), Clement Gilman.

On the western side of the crater rim, is where the leopard was apparently found, and it’s colloquially known as “Leopard Point”, though there isn’t a signboard.

Getting to the Kilimanjaro Summit – Uhuru peak: Depending on how long your chosen route has taken you, you’ll end up at one of three main ‘basecamps’ on Mt Kilimanjaro. School Hut and Kibo hut take you up to the rim from the east via Gilman’s Point, Arrow Glacier Camp means you’ll be scaling the Western Breach, and lastly, the most-used route is via Barafu Camp in the south east.

From Barafu, it’s mostly a night-time climb, leaving camp at around midnight, and reaching the crater rim by dawn. This allows for spectacular views of the sunrise and allows enough time to descend in time for lunch. For those planning to camp in the crater, a daytime summit attempt is possible.

The trek to the summit is tough. Bitterly cold, there’s very little oxygen in the air, and the trail is comprised mostly of volcanic scree. It’s a tough, 7-9 hour hike, the biggest challenge is the thin air. Which makes it all the more worth it when you do make it to the top!

Western Breach: On the west side of Kibo, the crater rim has collapsed, creating what is known as the Western Breach. Looking at it from below, it’s like a giant bulldozer has crashed through the crater rim, leaving boulders down a deep gash in the side of the mountain.

It’s known for being a dangerous and difficult route to the summit. Sadly, there have been deaths due to rockfall on this side of the mountain, and for a while, the route was closed.

While it’s not technical in the sense that a mountain such as Everest is, requires some scrambling and is very much a ‘straight-up’ route to the crater. Very steep, you climb via switchbacks and need a good head for heights.

It’s not possible to descend via this route, you’d have to cross the crater floor – or go up to Uhuru peak and descend via Stella point.

A Note About Kilimanjaro Summit Success Rates: Summit success rates, overall, for Kilimanjaro are very hard to come by. The National Parks Authority does not release figures. So we’re left with estimates from tour operators. No one has 100% success rate, as this simply isn’t possible.

What is true, however, is that some routes have much better success rates than others. And the longer routes tend to come out on top. Your operator’s summit success rate is only one indicator of how good they are, more important is their safety record.

Anecdotally, the official figures have been quoted as low as 40%, and as high as 67% – either way, a good number of people attempting to reach the summit of Kilimanjaro fail.

At 5 895m, Mt Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa and the highest free standing mountain in the world. Mt Kilimanjaro is located close to the Equator, where you can hike more than 60km, gain 4 000m in altitude, traverse rain forest, moorland, alpine desert, snow fields and ice cliffs in less than 7 days.

Hiking is very famous at Mt. Kilimanjaro (5.895 mt., 19.341 ft.). Since several years it is allowed to bring your mountainbikes with you on Marangu route only. So hikers and mountainbikers share the trail from Horombo Huts (3.720 mt., 12.205 ft.) up to the summit. Nevertheless it is exhausting to push or carry your bike up to the Uhuru Peak, the main summit of the mountain.

Biking up Kilimanjaro is a new concept and to date only few mountain bikers have ever managed to successfully bike up Kilimanjaro on mountain bikes. Of these, only a small number made it to the summit unassisted, by cycling, pushing or even carrying their bikes during some stages, without any assistance from our porters or guides, before starting a mighty roller coaster ride of 3 000m downhill cycling.

Biking Kilimanjaro Preparation

To further assist mountain bikers with the preparations for their Kilimanjaro biking expedition to the summit of this infamous mountain, Climbing Kilimanjaro can assist with essential advice on mental and physical preparation, fitness program, as well as recommended gear. Other useful information includes travel and transfer details, health issues to take note of, as well as a detailed breakdown of what to expect from meals, porters and guides during a biking up Kilimanjaro expedition.

After climbing Mount Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya, there are several rewarding activities and attractions you can explore in the surrounding areas. Here are some of the best things to do after your climb:

Safari in Tanzania or Kenya: Both Tanzania and Kenya offer incredible wildlife safari experiences. Consider visiting national parks such as Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Tarangire, or Amboseli to witness the diverse wildlife, including elephants, lions, zebras, giraffes, and more.

Relax in Zanzibar: If you climbed Mount Kilimanjaro, you can head to the nearby island of Zanzibar for some relaxation and beach time. Enjoy the pristine white sand beaches, turquoise waters, and explore the historic Stone Town, known for its fascinating architecture and cultural heritage.

Explore Nairobi: If you climbed Mount Kenya, Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, offers various attractions to explore. Visit the Nairobi National Park, David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust, Giraffe Centre, and Karen Blixen Museum for wildlife encounters and cultural experiences.

Cultural Experiences: Immerse yourself in the local culture by visiting local villages, engaging with Maasai or other indigenous communities, and learning about their traditions, music, and dance. This can provide a deeper understanding of the local way of life.

Coffee or Tea Plantation Tour: East Africa is known for its coffee and tea production. Take a tour of a coffee or tea plantation, learn about the production process, and sample some of the finest African coffees or teas.

Mountaineering in other Regions: If you enjoyed climbing Mount Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya, consider exploring other mountains in the region. Mount Meru in Tanzania or Mount Rwenzori in Uganda or Rwanda are popular choices for mountaineering adventures for gorilla trekking.

Visit Lake Naivasha or Lake Manyara: If you prefer scenic beauty and wildlife, consider visiting Lake Naivasha in Kenya or Lake Manyara in Tanzania. These lakes offer opportunities for boat rides, birdwatching, and spotting hippos, flamingos, and other wildlife.

Hot Air Balloon Safaris: Experience a unique adventure by taking a hot air balloon safari over the Serengeti or Maasai Mara. It offers a breathtaking aerial view of the vast plains and wildlife below.

Engage in Water Sports: If you’re looking for some adrenaline-pumping activities, consider options like snorkeling, scuba diving, or kayaking along the coastal areas of Tanzania or Kenya.

Relax and Reflect: After an exhilarating climb, take some time to relax, reflect on your achievement, and enjoy the tranquility of nature. Find a peaceful spot, enjoy the scenery, and cherish the memories of your climb.

Remember to plan your post-climb activities in advance, considering travel logistics, time availability, and personal preferences. Whether you choose to indulge in wildlife safaris, immerse yourself in local culture, or simply relax on the beach, there are plenty of options to make your post-climb experience a memorable one.

Both Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya have distinct climate zones as you ascend their slopes. Here are the main climate zones you can encounter on these mountains:

Mount Kilimanjaro:

Cultivation Zone (800 – 1,800 meters):

Located at the base of the mountain, this zone has lower elevations and higher temperatures.

The climate is generally warm and humid, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).

This zone is primarily used for agriculture, and you can find farmlands, plantations, and local villages here.

Rainforest Zone (1,800 – 2,800 meters):

As you ascend further, you enter the rainforest zone, characterized by a lush and dense forest environment.

This zone receives a significant amount of rainfall throughout the year.

Temperatures in this zone range from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius (50 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit).

The rainforest zone is known for its diverse vegetation, including tall trees, mosses, ferns, and a variety of wildlife.

Heather-Moorland Zone (2,800 – 4,000 meters):

This zone is a transition between the lower forested slopes and the alpine desert higher up.

It is characterized by shorter vegetation and a mix of heather and moorland plants.

Temperatures range from 5 to 15 degrees Celsius (41 to 59 degrees Fahrenheit).

The heather-moorland zone offers scenic landscapes with unique geological features.

Alpine Desert Zone (4,000 – 5,000 meters):

This zone is characterized by sparse vegetation and rocky terrain.

Temperatures are low, especially at night, ranging from -10 to 5 degrees Celsius (14 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit).

Strong winds and arid conditions are common in this zone.

Arctic Zone (above 5,000 meters):

At the highest elevations, the climate resembles an arctic environment.

Temperatures can drop below freezing, and snow and ice are prevalent.

Vegetation is minimal, limited to lichens and small alpine plants.

Glaciers can be found on the upper slopes and summit of Kilimanjaro.

Mount Kenya:

Cultivation Zone (1,800 – 2,700 meters):

Similar to Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya has a cultivation zone at its base.

This zone is characterized by lower elevations and higher temperatures.

It is suitable for agriculture, and you’ll find farmlands and plantations here.

Bamboo Zone (2,700 – 3,300 meters):

As you ascend, you enter the bamboo zone, which is dominated by dense bamboo forests.

This zone receives a moderate amount of rainfall and has lower temperatures compared to the cultivation zone.

Heather Zone (3,300 – 3,800 meters):

The heather zone is characterized by shorter vegetation, including heather plants.

Temperatures are generally cool, and the zone offers scenic landscapes.

Afro-Alpine Zone (3,800 – 4,500 meters):

This zone is home to unique and rare plant species adapted to the high altitudes.

Vegetation is sparse and mainly consists of lobelias, groundsels, and other alpine plants.

Temperatures are cold, and weather conditions can be harsh.

Nival Zone (above 4,500 meters):

At the highest elevations, Mount Kenya’s nival zone is characterized by snow and ice.


Certainly! Here are some interesting facts about Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya:

Mount Kilimanjaro:

Tallest Mountain in Africa: Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa, standing at 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level.

Volcanic Formation: Kilimanjaro is a dormant stratovolcano formed by volcanic activity. It has three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira.

Glaciers and Snow: Despite its proximity to the equator, Kilimanjaro is known for its glaciers. However, due to climate change, the glaciers have been receding rapidly over the years.

Five Climatic Zones: Kilimanjaro spans five distinct climate zones, from cultivation at the base to the arctic zone near the summit. Each zone has its unique vegetation and weather conditions.

Biodiversity: The mountain is home to a rich array of flora and fauna, including various species of plants, birds, mammals, and insects. The lower slopes are covered in rainforests, while higher elevations feature alpine vegetation.

Seven Summits: Being the tallest mountain in Africa gives Mt. Kilimanjaro the status of being one of the “Seven Summits” – the highest mountain on each of the seven continents. Long been a goal of many mountaineers, conquering all of these is quite a feat.

The other six are:

  1. Asia: Mount Everest (8,848 meters)
  2. South America: Mount Aconcagua (6,961 meters)
  3. North America: Mount McKinley – also known as Denali (6,194 meters)
  4. Europe: Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters)
  5. Antarctica: Mount Vinson (4,892 meters)
  6. Australasia: Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 meters)


Mount Kenya:

Second Tallest Mountain in Africa: Mount Kenya is the second-highest peak in Africa, with its highest point, Batian, reaching 5,199 meters (17,057 feet) above sea level.

UNESCO World Heritage Site: Mount Kenya was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 for its exceptional natural beauty and biodiversity.

Stratovolcano and Erosion: Mount Kenya is an extinct stratovolcano, and over time, erosion has shaped its distinctive jagged peaks and valleys.

Unique Wildlife: The mountain is home to various wildlife, including elephants, buffalos, hyenas, monkeys, and several bird species. The rare and endangered Mount Kenya mole-rat is found only on the slopes of this mountain.

Rock Climbing and Technical Routes: Mount Kenya offers challenging rock climbing and technical routes for experienced climbers. The Nelion and Batian peaks require technical skills and equipment to summit.

These are just a few fascinating facts about Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. Both mountains offer incredible natural beauty, unique ecosystems, and challenging climbing experiences, attracting adventurers and nature enthusiasts from around the world.